what is anemia?
what is anemia?
what is anemia? Anemia is a condition in which blood is deficient in the body. This deficiency is caused by a deficiency of iron, which is an important component of the protein, hemoglobin, which is present in the blood. Anemia is a type of disease. Occurrence due to a lack of red blood cells and hemoglobin in the body of a person with anemia. Hemoglobin is essential for the binding of oxygen to blood cells. If there is not enough blood in human cells or there is no hemoglobin then the body does not get enough oxygen. Due to the lack of oxygen, a person begins to show symptoms such as feeling tired.
In people with anemia, the level of hemoglobin in the blood decreases. Hemoglobin is made up of heme, a complex of iron, and a protein called globin. When iron is in the diet, heme cannot be made up of hemoglobin. The main function of hemoglobin is to regulate oxygen supply to different parts of the body. So in the absence of hemoglobin, the blood will not be able to supply oxygen to all parts of the body, leading to a weakening of the factor.
What is anemia pernicious?
When a person does not have vitamin B12 in the body, this can lead to . A condition is known as pernicious anemia. pernicious anemia can be was diagnosed with a blood test due to the presence of large immature red blood cells. blood cells in human blood. Such blood cells show dysfunction in carrying oxygen.
Causes of anemia
The main cause of anemia is usually an iron deficiency in the diet. However, there are many other ways in which blood loss occurs in the body. The following are some of them: –
Hemolysis is anemia caused by a breakdown of red blood cells as a result of infections, as well as toxins and toxins. Treatment by hemodialysis or surgery.
Cancer treatment such as chemotherapy can reduce the production of red blood cells in the bone which leads to a small amount of oxygen in the blood being distributed to all parts of our body cells.
Bleeding may be due to the most difficult periods of menstruation. Women can suffer from anemia if they ignore their monthly menstrual cycle because their blood pressure rises and falls in a circular motion. More nutrition is therefore needed to withstand blood loss during menstruation. Certain health problems can also contribute to weight loss, including chronic bleeding gums, hemorrhoids, or ulcers, and chronic ulcers.
Smoking causes a decrease in oxygen levels in the blood and inhibits the absorption of essential nutrients, such as folate acid and vitamin C, which increases the risk of vitamin deficiency.
Deficiency of vitamins
The deficiency of vitamins in the body – especially folate and vitamin C – is also a cause of anemia. This anemia is called vitamin deficiency anemia.
Chronic illness or inflammatory anemia
Inflammatory anemia is often similar to iron-deficiency anemia caused by high levels of ferritin which prevents the release of iron from blood cells or high levels of transmission bound to iron. Irritative studies show that inflammation appears to affect other important metabolic components because inflammation causes the liver to produce more hepcidin which prevents ferroportin from releasing iron.
Alcohol is a stimulant. Excessive Alcohol can contribute to vitamin deficiencies, anemia, and inflammatory anemia. It is recommended that men do not drink more than two drinks a day and that women should limit their consumption of alcohol to one drink daily.
Symptoms of anemia
Shortness of breath
Since there is not enough oxygen in the blood, it causes our lungs to breathe faster to get enough oxygen to the muscles in our body that cause shortness of breath.
Weakness Since blood flow cannot provide enough oxygen and nutrients to our body's tissues, it interferes with the normal functioning of the organs leading to the weakness of patients with anemia.
Pale color is caused by a lack of iron. Iron is essential for the production of our blood cells to counteract the deterioration of creativity. Iron deficiency causes low red blood cells that lead to a pale pigment on our skin.
Hard to focus
Concentration stress caused by iron deficiency results in the production of new red blood cells that will replace the depletion of old cells, resulting in less oxygen being brought to specific areas of brain cells, making it more difficult to concentrate.
Fainting and Dizziness brain needs protein , fat to function daily. It also needs oxygen to feed its cells. Without enough red blood cells to carry oxygen and remove carbon dioxide from their cells, it can cause fainting.
Fatigue is a common symptom of people with anemia who cause low oxygen levels in the body due to low red blood cell count.
The heart is beating faster
People with anemia have low oxygen levels in their blood. In order to provide enough oxygen to nourish the cells of our bodies, their hearts must work hard leading to a heartbeat.
Types of anemia
- Genetically passed
- Iron deficiency anemia
- Deficiency of folate acid and vitamin B12 anemia
- Chronic bleeding
- Hemolytic anemia
Home Remedies For Anemia
- Cold baths are known to have beneficial effects on anemia. who suffer anemia should have at least two cold water baths a day.
- For about ten minutes every day, the person with anemic should take a deep breath.
- Yoga has positive effects on blood loss. Popular asanas are paschimottasana and shavasana. This brings the body into a state of relaxation and regulates blood circulation.
- Leafy vegetables are key
- Vitamin C Essential
- Avoid coffee and tea
- nutrients food
Treatment focuses on the type and problem of anemia. Iron deficiency resulting from access to nutritious food is often uncommon in men and women after menstruation. Mild to moderate anemia is treated with oral supplementation with iron sulfate, iron fumarate, or iron gluconate. While taking iron supplements one can get an upset stomach and dark stools.
Vitamin C increases the body’s ability to absorb iron so taking orange juice and iron supplements can be very helpful. Vitamin supplements taken orally or intramuscularly can help reverse some of the deficiencies.
Chronic anemia can be treated with chemotherapy and medical experts also recommend the use of recurrent erythropoietin to promote red blood cell production. In severe cases a blood transfusion is necessary.
Anemia can be hereditary. Inheritance problems reduce the life expectancy of red blood cells, and as a result, they cause anemia. Inheritance problems can also interfere with the production of hemoglobin and cause the disease. Depending on the unusual size of the anemias it may be small, moderate, and severe.