Urinary Tract Infections
Urinary Tract Infections
This may seem a very easy question. It is an infection of the system that creates urine in the kidneys and then along the ureters, into the bladder, and then down the urethra. Urinary tract infections, sometimes referred to as cystitis if it relates to a bladder infection, are the second commonest form of infection. Why is this? The answer lies in part in the close relationship between the organs, especially in women.
It is so easy in a female for an infection present in the stool to be wiped forward towards the urethra, where it will quickly travel upwards and so infect the whole tract. This is especially so because the urethra is much shorter in women than in men. Another possible source of infection is the vagina. One in five women will develop such an infection at some time in their lives and many will have more than one. Those who have more than two infections are even more likely to get more. Usually, the cause is Escherichia Coli (usually referred to as E.Coli), a bacteria usually found in the colon.
That seems obvious, but when it comes to diagnosis things may not be as simple. A severe attack may result in blood in the urine, but small amounts are hard to detect without specialized tests. Larger amounts may not be the result of an infection, but due to such things as polyps, cancer of the bladder, or kidney stones. In a child too young to explain their symptoms the patient may present instead with high fever and vomiting. All this means that diagnosing a urinary tract infection may require a little detective work.
There is the smell — the urine will be offensive. Normally the urine is sterile, but the bacteria produce the smell. The urine may appear to be thicker than usual. If left for a while there may be a precipitate of cells. The patient may complain of frequency of urination and pain. If confined to the urethra the condition is called urethritis, but if it reaches the kidneys, then it is known as pyelonephritis and is a much more serious condition.
Diabetics – Their urine contains sugar in dilution. This is a perfect medium for the growth of the bacteria and so diabetics must take extra care.
Sexual activity – Chlamydia and Mycoplasma are also frequently found to be the causes of infection and their presence is usually the cause of sexual activity. These bacteria and E.coli have the ability to attach themselves to the cells lining the urinary tract.
Pregnancy – Pregnancy does not increase the likelihood of infection, but because of the way in which things are pushed out of place the infection is more likely to travel up into the kidneys.
Holding Urine – increases the risk of the bacteria that may be present. This can lead to an infection.
Bacteria of the digestive system -when bacteria from the digestive system into the urinary canal, they multiply and cause infection.
Symptoms of Urinary Tract Infection
A urinary tract infections can affect one or more parts of the intestinal tract, the urine from the kidneys to the bladder.
- Pain or burning
- Constant or increased urge to urinate but not much urination (passing of urine).
- Feeling that the bladder is full even after urinating.
- Discolored, it was cloudy, or very foul-smelling.
- Increasing the frequency of passing urine, even at night.
- The weight of the lower part of the abdomen.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Fever and chills.
- Flank pain – pain on one side below the ribs where the kidneys are.
- In the elderly – mental changes or confusion
- In men – rectal pain
- In women – pelvic pain
- In children – Newborns: fever, hypothermia, poor appetite, jaundice; Infants: fever, vomiting, lack of appetite, diarrhea; older children: poor appetite, unexplained fever, loss of bowel control, and change in urination pattern.
The signs of urinary tract infections are more common in women because of their urinary system the channel is no closer to being anus compared to men. This will make it easier for the bacteria, and the bacteria can spread to the increasing age of the infection. In women, urinary tract infections, although rare, tend to be a symptom of some other underlying medical condition. It is also common in children under 6 years of age. If symptoms of a urinary tract infection to be treated properly and in time, a single infection can develop serious problems and even life-threatening complications, such as sepsis, or kidney damage.
It is important for the diagnosis and treatment of this bacterial infection to be at an early stage, so as to avoid any complications. This can only be achieved if the patient goes to the doctor when the first symptoms of a urinary tract infection. Although not all patients develop all of the symptoms, there are cases when the infection is present, as a rule, the symptoms are not noticeable.
Urinary Tract Infection in Men
Urinary tract infections in men are rare. Men who are over 50 years old, who are usually infected with a urinary tract infection, however, this likelihood increases with age. Three percent of women are likely to have this infection, prior to their 60’s, and the percentage of urinary tract infections in women increases by more than 10% of people over 80 years of age.
Urinary tract infections in men are often caused by a bacterium known as E. coli (E), which is commonly found all around the anus after the passage of the stool. These, and other harmless bacteria can lead to this infection if they come into the first of the urinary system through the urinary canal. Sometimes, the infection can also be caused by other bacteria, such as chlamydia and mycoplasma. Men are not likely to be reached because their urethra is much further away from their anus, which limits the risk of infection.
A urinary tract infection in women is not generally considered to be, as it is often used in conjunction with any other underlying medical condition. Some of the most important requirements of men, it can be observed that the infection:
Weak Immune system – a disease like AIDS or cancer treatment such as chemotherapy weakens the immune system and, thus, affects the body’s ability to fight off infections. Thus, if a person has an infection, it may also indicate a weakening of the immune system. Diabetes also weakens the immune system, then urinary tract infections can be indicative of this.
Enlarged prostate: the presence of An enlarged prostate can block the urine, which makes it difficult to move completely out of the bladder. This means that some of the urine builds up in the bladder, and the growth rate causes the infectious bacteria.
Kidney stone – A kidney stone, partially or totally block the passage of the urine and the cause of the urine to be retained in the bladder. It will be a prosperous country, of infectious bacteria. Sometimes it is a stone that passes through the urinary tract damage to the inner lining of the above, to the creation of the damaged areas of the brain, and growth of infection can give rise to.
Urinary reflux – -Each and every one of the 2 openings of the ureters have been a one-way valve, which results in the flow of urine in the urinary bladder and the bubble in the kidney and prevents it from flowing back. If the system does not work, urine flow can return back to the kidneys and cause serious health problems. This condition leads to the development of urinary tract infections in men.
Despite the fact that urinary tract infections are more common in men with these disorders, there are cases in which the men of the development of these infections, but no underlying disease. In such a case, it is a simple infection that can be diagnosed by means of urine try and deal with a 7 to 14-day course of antibiotics.
A rapid and accurate diagnosis is a prerequisite for this form of bacterial infection is present. The problem can be reduced if the treatment is correct, and also as a urinary tract infection is a symptom and not a few of the other issues, the proper treatment will only be possible after a diagnosis. Please do not hesitate to contact your doctor right away.
Please be careful, stay up-to-date, and is not taking any risks when it comes to health. The right attitude is a great way to start to deal with a problem. Urinary tract infections can affect one or more parts of the urinary tract. This infection responds well to treatment with early diagnosis and proper medical care.
However, it is very important that the diagnosis and treatment of urinary tract infections in men is at an early stage in order to avoid any complications.
Urinary Tract Infection in Women
women have more of a problem with Urinary Tract Infections than are men. This argument is, in spite of the fact that there is no real answer to the question of why. Another theory is that women have a urethra (carries the urine out of the bladder and the body) that is short, and so is the bacteria, which falls on a fantastic journey, a lot of men, the urethra. The worst part is that some women get quite often, this can be very uncomfortable. There are a number of reasons, and there were a couple of reasons
- an enlarged prostate gland
- kidney stones
- not drinking a sufficient amount of fluids
- having sex
Treatment of a urinary tract infection
For sample urine is going to lab be analyzed in order to determine if bacteria are present, and, if that is the case, most often, antibiotics are prescribed. It is very important to follow the medication instructions and finish all of the medication in order to make sure that the infection is completely lost!
This is probably one of the most important parts of the study of women in medicine. It is important to be aware of the symptoms, but it is also important to know how to avoid them. A few very simple steps on how to do so
- drink a lot of water each day
- don’t hold it; urinate as often as possible
- urinate after sex
- talk to your doctor about vaginal estrogen for post-menopausal women
6 Easy Home Remedies For Urinary Tract Infections
Increase water or fluid intake.
The increase in the consumption of water or other liquids, such as increasing the volume of the urine. This is very important urine be well-diluted to the concentration of the chemicals urine is very low. Water helps in removing toxins and micro-organisms. This is especially useful for those who are going through urine but a little bit.
Drink cranberry juice.
Cranberry juice prevents bacteria from sticking to the inner lining of the urinary tract. Recent studies show that this is what the presence of the protein, proanthocyanin, is associated with. Cranberry juice is not only useful for the treatment of cancer. It can also be used to prevent infection.
Increase Vitamin C intake.
Vitamin C boosts your acidity urine. This kind of growth prevents the bacteria that lead to infection.
Drink corn silk concoction.
It is a good thing for those who have difficulty passing urine because it gives a relaxing effect.
Apply a warm compress.
This does not directly help with the treatment, but it gives temporary relief to those who experience and, therefore, pelvic pain, or discomfort in the abdominal area.