Typhoid Fever is a serious and potentially fatal disease caused by a bacterial infection. The disease is highly associated with hygiene and is most common in areas where there is no sanitation. symtoms of typhoid fever are similar to the flu. Typhoid fever is a generalized infection caused by a virus called E. Tryphosa. It is transmitted through water, milk, and contaminated food. About 3% of infected patients became carriers; that is, they have harmful germs in their bodies and contaminate food, water, and even the objects they touch.
For this reason, it is necessary for everyone to be alert, especially in times of epidemics. never drink water from ponds, tanks, or streams without boiling them first. Even sources are not safe. Typhoid viruses and other microorganisms enter the body by drinking unclean water and we must remain vigilant. Drinking in public drinking cups or those offered by coffee sellers at train stations is unsafe. All raw fruits should be washed with soap and water or peeled, preferably both. Children need to be careful where they play; their hands should be washed often. Flies are one of the most common carriers of tuberculosis and other diseases. Keep food away from children.
What causes of typhoid
Typhoid Fever is caused by a type of bacteria known as Salmonella enterica. These bacteria are transmitted to the victim by contaminated water in most cases of infection. If water or even food contaminated with sewage from an infected person is eaten by a person, they can become infected with typhoid parasites found in the wild.
When bacteria enter the body through the digestive tract, they enter the intestinal walls and are phagocytosed, or they are hardened by macrophages in the form of white blood cells. From there, it is transported to parts of the body where it can replicate such as the spleen, liver, and bone marrow. When it is multiplied in good amounts, it enters the bloodstream and causes flu-like symptoms.
Not everyone can get very sick after they have been infected. People with mild to moderate fever can actually continue to be chronic carriers of the disease, as bacteria find repetitive areas in the liver, bladder, and bile duct.
Symtoms of typhoid fever
- High fever that goes away slowly
- High temperature 104 ° F
- Red color, flat rashes or areas
The first symptoms of typhoid fever are similar to the flu. Fever, headache, back pain, loss of appetite, cold with a bloody nose, diarrhea, or constipation are common complaints. When these conditions persist for a long time it is suspected typhoid. The temperature rises slowly, often to 104 F. The heartbeat, which is usually accelerated by the increase in temperature, is very slow. During the first week or ten days the temperature rises and stays at the same level for a while, and then gradually falls to normal by the end of the fourth week. The actual diagnosis is made by testing the blood, urine, and stool.
However, the disease progresses to no less than four stages and lasts more than three weeks. In the first week, fever, headache, and cough attack the patient with malaise. It may also be accompanied by a runny nose and abdominal pain. By the second week, the fever has reached 104 ° F, marked by low heart rate and severe heartbeat. Delirium is a well-known disease during this stage. Diarrhea and constipation are more common in victims.
The third stage can be particularly dangerous because of the risk of developing certain complications such as gastrointestinal bleeding, delirium signs, and intestinal obstruction. The fever gradually subsided by the end of the third week.
How typhoid is diagnosed
Diagnosis of typhoid fever is performed by examining blood samples, bone marrow, and field cultures to determine the presence of Salmonella bacteria by Widal Test, which confirms the presence of parasite antibodies. However, testing can take a very long time to confirm the results, as timely antibiotic treatment is important in treating the disease. Until the results from the Widal Test, ciprofloxacin is used.
Treatment of typhoid
Although typhoid is known to be fatal and dangerous, it does not lead to long-term death. It is important to know that immediate treatment should be given to the victim of typhoid fever which can help reduce the risk of dying from the disease by only 1%. The restoration takes about a week. However, if the victim is not treated, the flu will last for a full three weeks and may lead to death in some cases.
One of the most commonly used treatments for typhoid fever is to administer antibiotics to the victim, especially ciprofloxacin, amoxicillin, ampicillin, and chloramphenicol, which are intended to kill Salmonella bacteria in the body. Chloramphenicol has always been a major therapeutic drug, but other drugs such as ciprofloxacin, ampicillin, and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole are often prescribed for better performance and worse side effects.
home remedy for typhoid
Below are a few home remedies for treating typhoid fever quickly.
Garlic is a natural antibiotic, it will absorb mucus and kill germs. If you can, cut a clove of garlic into small pieces and swallow it. Yes you will smell a little and it will sound funny in your stomach but it works. Continue with several slices of green garlic a day for a few days.
Bitter leaf juice
Take a freshly squeezed cup of bitter leaf juice twice a day until symptoms subside. Alternatively, boil the stem and root of the sour plant and drink a glass twice daily until the symptoms disappear.
Please note: Bitter leave juice causes feces or vomiting sometimes if taken in excess, do not take more than 5 leaves per cup.
Apples and carrots
Spice up apples and carrots to digest them well, remember to wash all the fruit before using them to make sure all the bacteria are gone.
Squeeze the lemon or all the lime and drink the juice with hot or cold water and honey to taste. Lemons are natural antibodies and will detoxify your stomach. Put lemon slices in your water for one week after being diagnosed with typhoid.
Apple cider vinegar
Add half a tablespoon of apple cider vinegar to the water. You might consider adding honey to make it tasty and delicious for you. Take this mixture before each meal for 5 days. Vinegar will make you urinate a lot, so you will need to have a toilet nearby.
Diet of typhoid fever
- Bulgur (daliya)
- vegetable soup
- moong dal khichdi
- Beet juice
- coconut water
- Pomegranate juice