Disease A to Z
Kidney Disease

Kidney Disease

Kidney Disease
after transplant

What is kidney disease

Our kidneys are a marvel of creation. they’re rather more complex than we are able to imagine, and that they always work without looking too small at us until something goes wrong.

Both small organs are found within the lower back on either side of the spine. Their main purpose is to filter the blood and regulate potassium, salt, and acid levels. The filter structures are small clusters of blood vessels called glomeruli. after they work well, they permit the waste to be excreted within the urine while storing water, keeping you dehydrated. There are different types of renal disorder that may interfere with kidney function.

Types of kidney disease that we know.

  • Hereditary Disorders
  • Congenital Disease
  • Kidney Stones
  • Nephrotic Syndrome
  • Kidney Cancer
  • Kidney failure

What is kidney failure?

It is a heavy disease which will have a profound effect on health, and it can eventually be fatal. Still, it’s curable.

Kidney failure is expounded to a rise in the amount of water within the body that may cause inflammation of the tissues.

Healthy kidneys cleanse your blood by removing excess fluid, minerals, and impurities. they create the hormones that keep your bones strong and your blood healthy. But if the limbs are damaged, they are doing not work properly.

Harmful waste can build up in your body. Your pressure level can rise. Your body can store plenty of fluids and not make enough red cells. this can be called nephrosis. Therefore, it’s a condition during which the kidneys fail to function properly.

Kidney failure can often be divided into two types: severe kidney disease and chronic renal disorder. Serious failure is that the rapid loss of kidney energy to get rid of waste and intentional urine without the loss of electrolytes.

The type of kidney disease (acute vs. chronic) is established by the tendency of serum creatinine. Other factors which will help differentiate chronic and chronic renal disorder include the presence of anemia and also the size of the kidneys on ultrasound. Prolonged exposure, i.e., chronic, the renal disorder often causes anemia and little kidney size.

Types of Kidney Failure

Two kinds of renal failure in humans

Acute kidney failure – one in every of the foremost common causes of severe kidney disease, also called kidney failure, sudden loss of blood flow to the kidneys like trauma, surgery, shock, severe bleeding, burns, or dehydration. Infection can cause nephrosis, especially if it causes kidney infection. In general, acute tubular necrosis can cause the disease.

Chronic kidney failure – Chronic kidney disease affects the kidneys slightly but causes many similar problems with the kidneys. In fact, it could happen over a period of several years. While there could also be no symptoms initially, eventually the disease has symptoms like a severe failure. Symptoms occur when kidney function is a smaller amount than 10% normal.

Symptoms of kidney failure

  • Frequent urination
  • Pain within the legs, back, and side
  • Ammonia breath
  • Nausea
  • Swelling
  • Skin rash and acne
  • Fatigue
  • Feeling cold
  • Shortness of Breath

Kidney failure tests

Diagnosis of kidney disease and similar severity is formed by blood tests. bp levels can help determine how badly the kidneys have begun to function. additionally, a urine test may be taken. The presence of protein within the urine may mean that the kidneys have stopped working.

Abdominal ultrasound and biopsy are a number of the tests that a doctor may recommend fully. If you’re within the stage where the kidneys are often saved with medication or surgery – this can be done to stop complete renal failure. and so a kidney transplant is taken into account if both kidneys fail to function properly.


If your kidney fails, then these are just three treatment options:


A machine is employed to temporarily rid your body of harmful wastes and excess salt within the body. This successively helps lots in controlling bp from rising. It also helps to balance other important chemicals in your body like potassium, sodium, calcium, and bicarbonate.

The side effects of this treatment are infection, a blockage that may be caused by blood coagulation, and poor blood flow. Muscle spasms and hypotension that cause a sudden call-in bp are a number of the opposite side effects. These side effects may be avoided with proper diet and medicine as directed by your doctor.

peritoneal dialysis:

The lining from your stomach or stomach is employed to filter waste from the blood. This lining is additionally called the peritoneal membrane. It acts very appropriately as a man-made kidney and removes excess water and salts from the body.

The most common side effect of this kidney treatment is peritonitis which may be a serious stomach infection. The opening through which the catheter enters your body is infected. However, if it’s reported to the doctor immediately, it is treated.

kidney transplant:

The replacement of a surgically damaged kidney with a healthy kidney is understood as a kidney transplant. A kidney transplant requires the doctor to look at blood groups, human leukocyte antigens, and cross-matching antigens.

A kidney transplant is taken into account to be the closest to treatment. There should be an ideal match to switch a brand new kidney. Well, although technically a donor’s kidney may be a perfect match, there’s an opening that the body may reject your new kidney. the foremost common reason for this can be not taking the prescribed medicine. These drugs are wont to prevent your body’s system from treating it as an overseas body to attack the new kidney, causing rejection.

“if u want your kidney healthy so add nutritious foods in your diet. .. Do yoga to stay kidney healthy. This disease occurs to people of all ages, whether it’s a toddler or a grown-up“

important noticeOur goal is to provide information only, not to recommend any medication, treatment, home remedies. Only a doctor can give you good medical advice because no one is better than them.

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