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Eye Disease

Eye Disease

Eye Disease

Eye Disease

Eye disease is always a problem that needs to be addressed; some may be small and fleeting while others may lead to permanent loss of vision. So protecting your eyes from common eye diseases, including cataracts, glaucoma, retinal disorders, and eye infections, is essential in our daily lives. Below are some tips to prevent these common eye diseases:

First and foremost, as well as an easy way to protect the eyes from various types of attacks is to wash your eyes regularly with clean, cool water and blow dry. In addition, the proper way to clean eyeglasses and contacts should be adopted.

The saying goes that diseases often get their way into the mouth; therefore a healthy diet is necessary to maintain so that the body is provided with the necessary minerals and vitamins. Try to eat less spicy, fatty foods. It is reported that carotenoids and antioxidants that are good for the retina, blood vessels and other parts of the eye and fatty acids are believed to lighten the eyes; therefore fresh fruits and vegetables, as well as foods containing fatty acids, such as fish should be eaten sparingly.

In addition to a healthy diet, a healthy lifestyle is also essential. Don’t go to bed late every day. Adequate rest is the basis for a healthy eye view, which relaxes the eye muscles and restores stress; take eye exams regularly, to help keep your eyes in good condition.

If you do not know how to do eye exercises, some related books are for sale on the market. You can buy one to find the right way to keep your eyes in good condition; avoid smoke. It is well-known that smoking damages the lungs and the circulatory system, while it is well-known that smoking can damage the eye muscles, leading to cataracts, nerve damage, and other disorders.

Type of eye disease problems

Refractive Errors

Rehabilitation errors affect about one in three people aged 40 or older. Most people have some eye removal error. Bad retardation errors can cause headaches as the small muscles in the eye get tired of overuse.

The most common recovery errors are:

  • Myopia – Far-sighted objects look dull, but anything nearby is sharp.
  • Long-term vision (Hypermetropia) – Closed objects are dim, but far from clear.
  • Astigmatism – Changes in corneal curvature distort the way light strikes the retina and causes blurring;
  • Presbyopia – As the eye gets older it becomes more dull and unable to focus quickly or sharply, so nearby objects are much dimmed. It is a normal part of aging, and it usually begins in your 40’s.

How Are Disclosure Errors Handled?
Eyeglasses or contact lenses are the most common ways to correct retrieval errors. They work by re-injecting light rays into the retina, which compensates for the formation of your eye. Constructive surgery is also a way to correct or improve your vision. These surgical procedures are used to permanently correct the retina of your eye by reconstructing the cornea, or frontal area of ​​your eye.

There is no scientific evidence that exercise, vitamins, or pills can prevent or treat reversible errors.

1) Eyeglasses

2) Contact lenses

3) Refractive Surgery

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetes retinopathy is the most commonly diabetic retinopathy and is the leading cause of blindness, although it is easily diagnosed and effective, diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of blindness inactive older adults. Diabetic retinopathy is one of the most common complications of diabetes, but with early detection and treatment, the risk of severe loss of vision from recurrence of diabetes is low.

Diabetic retinopathy is a type of insulin-dependent diabetic retinopathy (type 1) and non-insulin-dependent diabetes (type 2) and is due to microangiopathy affecting the arterioles, capillaries, and retinal venules. The disease is common in the blood vessels that supply the retina, a layer that penetrates into the eye that acts as a film on camera.

If you have had Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus for several years, you may have noticed some changes in vision, including dizziness and other difficulties. These differences may be just normal aging, but for those with diabetes there is also a real concern that you may have eye problems that are diabetic. Diabetes is the leading cause of blindness in adults, and changes in retina, glaucoma, cataract and macular edema are some of the most notable problems.

Eye Disease

Retinopathy in diabetes

Doctors diagnosed Type 2 diabetes with Retinopathy where major changes are noted in the retina, after which the eye reflects what you see and transmits it to your brain. The macula is the centre of the retina and is part of the eye that focuses most on sharp and accurate information. Injury to the arteries and other changes in the retina are more common due to the same type of changes in the spread of Diabetes in the feet, kidneys and other areas. However, because the blood vessels in the eyes may be weak, the impact of the chronic diabetes process may mean that the eyes are among the most vulnerable areas where a person with diabetes will experience complications.

Most people with diabetes will eventually develop some form of retinopathy, and after about ten years, the condition can be expected to improve. If you have diabetes for a long time, or your diabetes is severe, you are more likely to have diabetes retinopathy.

Two types of Diabetic Retinopathy

Nonproliferative retinopathy is a very serious and serious condition of the retina when the capillaries in the retina break down and cause the macula to swell. This inflammation, known as edema, causes blurred vision.

The most complex and chronic form of diabetic retinopathy is known as progressive retinopathy. In this case, retinal damage leads to the growth of new blood vessels in areas where they should not be. These blood vessels are small, and when they break, they bleed in the inner eye, resulting in dark spots and bumps

Symptom of Diabetic Retinopathy

The sign of diabetic retinopathy can blur or distort the images sent by the retina to the brain, although there is no pain, this severe form of diabetic retinopathy needs immediate medical attention.

The sign may be as subtle as a yawn or as large as a feeling of imminent fall.


this occurs when the pressure of the liquid inside your eyes builds up and damages the fibers in the optic nerve. This damage can cause vision loss and if left untreated, can lead to complete blindness.

Glaucoma Symptoms.

Eye pain
Nausea or vomiting
Colored rings around the lights
Blurred vision
Visual impairment
Redness in the eyes

Treatment of Glaucoma?

Treatment for glaucoma focuses on keeping the eyes open by delaying damage to the back of the eye (optic nerve). Most treatments aim to prevent further damage to the optic nerve by reducing eye pressure (intraocular pressure, or IOP). Glaucoma is usually treated with medication such as eye drops. Laser treatment or surgery is often required.


One of the most common eye conditions in children is the so-called Amblyopia, better known as the lazy eye and the question that many people ask whether it exists like lazy eye surgery. Amblyopia is a condition in which the eye is natural but vision is rare. This can be caused by a retrieval error (very far-sightedness, near-sightedness or astigmatism or a serious visual difference) that can be corrected early in life. While it may be possible to make amends at a young age, it is sometimes appropriate to rectify the situation in adulthood


Cataract means ‘clouding; of all or part of the normal clear lens inside the eye. This creates a distorted or dim view. it was previously thought that cataract was a thick liquid from the brain that flowed in front of the lens. the lens should be clear, so that light can pass through it to the retina. When the lens becomes cloudy or opaque, light cannot pass through it and the vision is blurred or blurred. A cloudy lens is called a cataract.


Sensitivity to the sun (Photophobia).
It is cloudy, dark, foggy, or filmy.
It is difficult to see at night or in dim light. Seeing Rainbow halos around the lights.

Causes of Cataract

  • By age.
  • Diabetes.
  • Glaucoma.
  • Inflammation of the eye (Uveitis).
  • Cataract family history.
  • Eye Injury.
  • Infection.

Eye Exams

Eye Exams

A standard, comprehensive eye examination will usually have the following tests:

Color Blind Testing

This is also a simple test that ensures that your eyes are not affected by color blindness. In addition to identifying the absence of color vision, these tests also help doctors identify health problems that may affect your vision.


This test is also done during the first eye test to balance the supply of eyeglasses to you. By doing this test, the room lights are dimmed. After that, please keep your eye focused on the “E” on the main chart. As you stare at the “E”, the doctor could throw a beam of light at your eyes while examining the lenses in a way that catches your eye. Depending on how your eye reflects back, the doctor may prescribe eyeglasses.

Skit-lamp test

A cut-off lamp, also known as a biomicroscope, is a tool that allows a doctor to detect an overexertion eye by examining its health and detecting the virus. The tool is used to check the shape of the face, such as the conjunctiva, iris and cornea as its internal organs, such as the macula, optic nerve and retina.

Visual Acuity Test

This is one of the easiest tests to do to test your sharpness. Usually, an eye chart is used to test your visual acuity followed by a handshake and to read a small acuity chart to test close vision.


The doctor uses this test to immerse the glasses. The phoropter is placed in front of your eyes and the doctor allows you to see the lenses in sequence. He will ask you which two lenses give a clearer picture. He eventually repairs the lenses until an accurate eyeglass treatment is available.

Glaucoma Testing

There are many variations of this test, which is used to measure pressure within the eyes. Glaucoma, caused by high pressure in the eyes, can lead to loss of vision. Since the disease does not give any symptoms, it is important that this test be done. Early diagnosis of glaucoma can prevent vision loss.

Cover Test

Although the doctor has many ways to check that your eyes are working in harmony, this is the most common test for that purpose. By performing this test, you are asked to focus on any small object far away, while the doctor covers each eye in sequence as you continue to look at the described object.

During the prescribed procedure, the doctor determines whether the uncovered eye is moving to detect the target object. It can be a sign of strabismus or a small binocular vision problem, which can cause eye strain or “lazy eye.”

Top Causes of Eye swelling

Eye swelling

swelling of the eyes, more often than not, is a condition of the skin rather than an eye problem. It is not your eyes that are firm and puffed up but the skin around you. The tissues around the eyes are called orbits.

The main reason why this happens is due to fluid retention. Water retention, on the other hand, can be caused by the following factors:

The most likely cause of this condition is infection. If the skin around your eyes hurts, you should see an eye doctor. To prevent this from happening, do not rub your eyes. Your hands can contain germs and germs that can cause infection

Be aware that if you do not get enough sleep, your eyes will look dull. Your skin becomes weaker and this makes the eye circles look more radiant. In addition, lack of sleep prevents your body from repairing damaged dermis tissue. As a result, the skin tissues become swollen.

Poor skin health
Adults are more prone to arrogant looks. That is because the skin can no longer provide protection against toxins and other aging problems. You need to improve the health of your skin by using an effective eye cream.

Excessive crying
A sign of excessive crying is swelling of the skin around the eyes. In addition to overworking your tear glands, this is also due to the salt content of the tears. Salt sticks to two water molecules at the same time. The liquid stays in the pathways and does not drain quickly.

You can prevent the appearance of puffy eyes by using an ice pack on your eyes. The cold heat of the ice will help to reduce the skin tissue.

Eye Care Tips

Vitamin A should be included in your diet

Vitamin A-rich foods such as sorghum, egg yolk, and liver can help improve your vision and prevent eye problems. You can also buy Vitamin A at pharmacies and take one vitamin daily.

Avoid reading in the dark or in a bad light

Trying to learn in the dark or in the wrong light can cause eye irritation and can lead to serious eye problems if done regularly. Never misuse your eyes by reading poorly.

Avoid excessive use of computer or TV

Relax your eyes every 2 hours of using a computer or TV. Never abuse your eyes. It is not good to use the TV or computer for long periods of time because you will definitely regret it if you feel or have vision problems.

Put a cucumber in your eyes to remove dark circles

The dark circles around your eyes caused by stress can be removed by using cucumber in your eyes. Allow the cucumber to sit for an hour or two.

Get enough sleep

After all, getting enough sleep is good not only for the eyes but also for the body as a whole. By sleeping, your tired eyes can not rest. Eye contact can cause eye damage or lead to serious eye problems.

Drink 6-8 glasses of water daily

Water can help compensate for the loss of water in your body as a result of the activities you perform. It can replenish and supply the water your eyes need in order to function properly.

Wear sunglasses in sunny weather

Protect your eyes by wearing sunglasses when you are out in the sun. You should also avoid looking directly at the sun as it can damage the eyes and lead to blindness.

Avoid using excessive eye drops instead of cold or clean tap water

Don’t rely too much on eye drops. Use cold water or clean water to clean your eyes especially before bed.

Best Foods for Eye Health

  • Carrots
  • Kale
  •  Milk
  • Papaya
  • Salmon
  • Spinach

Newborn Baby Eye Problems

Eye Infections

Blocked Tear Ducts

Childhood Cataracts

Eye Defects


important notice – Our goal is to provide information only, not to recommend any medication, treatment, home remedies. Only a doctor can give you good medical advice because no one is better than them.

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