Disease A to Z
Diabetes

Diabetes

Diabetes (Blood sugar) is a condition in which your blood sugar (glucose) levels are higher than normal. This is due to the inability of glucose to enter your cells. As a result, your cells are hungry for their food (glucose). Simply put, it is like a hungry person who has a lot of food but cannot eat.

Are there different kinds of Diabetes?

One of the reasons for Blood sugar is that your body cannot use glucose (sugar) to get energy, and this causes your blood sugar (sugar) level to rise above normal. There are three important areas to understand blood sugar. First of all, the cells that use glucose in your body are important because they need to be able to extract sugar from the blood and inject it inside the cell like fuel. Second, pancreatic insulin (the organ closest to your stomach) is important to allow sugar to enter the cell (the key to opening the entrance), and finally, glucose is separated from the food by the muscle and last. The liver is isolated from the type of glucose.

How does Blood sugar work Every cell in your body is covered with a gas cap Insulin is the key to a closed gas key, and glucose is like car fuel? With type 2 diabetes, the body completely stops making insulin, so that it does not carry glucose to your cells. In some types of blood sugar, your body makes insulin but not as much as your body needs. Therefore, only a few cells can be opened to inject glucose inside. Another thing is that some of the millions of cells get rusted and will not function properly. So even if you have insulin, you cannot open the cells. This is called insulin resistance. If the cells do not open, you cannot get glucose inside the cell to get energy. The result of all this is excess glucose in your blood.

Types Of Diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes is more common in children and the elderly and accounts for 5-10% of diabetic patients.

Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes. It accounts for 90-95% of all Blood sugar cases. With type 2 diabetes, even if your body does not produce enough insulin or the cells in your body ignore insulin so they cannot use glucose properly.

Other types of diabetes that account for only a small percentage of diabetes cases include gestational blood sugar, which is a type of Blood sugar experienced only by pregnant women. Left untreated, it can cause problems for mothers and babies and simply disappear when pregnancy is over. Other types of blood sugar caused by certain genetic syndromes, surgery, drugs, malnutrition, infections, and other diseases maybe 1% to 2% of all diabetes cases.

How do you get diabetes?

  • obesity
  • family history of Blood sugar
  • prior history of gestational Blood sugar
  • impaired glucose tolerance
  • physical inactivity

What are the symptoms of diabetes?

  • frequent urination
  • excessive thirst
  • unexplained weight loss
  • extreme hunger
  • a sudden change of vision
  • itching or numbness in the hands or feet
  • feeling very tired most of the time
  • very dry skin
  • ulcers delaying treatment
  • multiple infections than usual

Nausea, vomiting, or abdominal pain may be accompanied by some of these symptoms at the onset of type 1 diabetes

“People who think they may have Blood sugar symptoms should visit a doctor for a check-up”

How do you treat diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes – a healthy diet, exercise, and insulin injections are basic treatments. The amount of insulin taken should be measured by diet and daily activities.

For type 2 diabetes – a healthy diet, exercise, and glucose testing are basic treatments. In addition, many people with type 2 diabetes need oral medication, insulin, or both to control blood glucose levels

Tests for Diabetes

  • Urine Tests
  • FASTING PLASMA GLUCOSE (FPG) TEST
  • ORAL GLUCOSE TOLERANCE TEST
  • RANDOM BLOOD GLUCOSE (RBG) TEST

important noticeOur goal is to provide information only, not to recommend any medication, treatment, home remedies. Only a doctor can give you good medical advice because no one is better than them.

important noticeOur goal is to provide information only, not to recommend any medication, treatment, home remedies. Only a doctor can give you good medical advice because no one is better than them.

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